is rayon synthetic

This type of synthetic fibre is obtained from coal, water and air. Rayon is a natural-based material that is made from the cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton. The compounds used to make these fibres are obtained from raw materials such as petrochemicals. The most common use is to make various articles of clothing and home-ware, such as blankets, sheets and curtains. Many clothing items are made from rayon and can pose health concerns as well. Rayon is the most commonly used fabric that can be considered a semi-synthetic cellulosic material. this website. Rayon's impact is not just a concern inside the body, either. Intrigued? These fibers are heavily processed with extremely toxic chemicals. Regenerated Cellulose or Rayon is made from purified cellulose, primarily from wood pulp, which is chemically converted into cellulose acetate to make the fiber soluble in solvents. These are strong elastic and light, lustrous and easy to wash fibres made from water, coal, and air initially. In natural fibres, the length of the fibres is given whereas, in synthetic fibres, the length of the fibre is controlled by man. Used to make ropes for rock climbing and parachutes. Synthetic fibres are made from polymers of small molecules. Because it is produced from naturally occurring polymers, it is neither a truly synthetic fiber nor a natural fiber; it is a semi-synthetic fiber. In 1955, manufacturers began to produce a new type of rayon—high-wet-modulus (HWM) rayon—which was stronger and could be used to make sheets, towels, and apparel. Natural fibres, on the other hand, are obtained from plant, animal resources and geological processes and can be utilized in places where the orientation of fibres has an impact on its properties such as composite materials. These include calendaring, to control smoothness; fire resistance; pre-shrinking; water resistance; and wrinkle resistance. It is also an absorbent, cost-effective and comfortable fabric to wear. Rayon fabric is soft, absorbent and comfortable. Fibres that are purely synthetic like nylons, polyesters, acrylics are made from chemicals whereas semisynthetic fibres such as rayons are produced with the utilization of natural polymers as raw material. What is rayon made of? From Cloth Nappies to Sports Equipment, What is Nylon? To learn all about rayon and its … Acrylic is more prevalent than natural wool. Whether it is wood pulp or cotton linters, the basic raw material for making rayon must be processed in order to extract and purify the cellulose. While acrylic thread is entirely synthetic, rayon is not. Sheets of purified cellulose are steeped in sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), which produces sheets of alkali cellulose. Rayon is a fiber that is made from cellulose that is chemically converted from wood pulp. I think Byju’s is the best way to clear our concepts, Your email address will not be published. 1. The different types of synthetic fibres include: How are synthetic fibres different from natural fibres? Synthetic fibres are of four types, namely: However, synthetic fibre melt on heating. The processing treatment can use several toxic chemicals including carbon disulphide, sulfuric acid, chlorine and caustic soda. The fabric sticks to the body of the person wearing it. Rayon is known by the names viscose rayon and art silk in the textile industry. What is Rayon ? If they catch fire, it could be really dangerous. The only downside to this synthetic alternative is that it tends to age poorly. The temperature and humidity in the metal containers are carefully controlled. www.differencebetween.net/object/difference-between-polyester-and-rayon It is similar to cotton and easy to care for. It is infused with cotton or wool to prepare bedsheets and carpets respectively. This results in a viscose solution that looks and feels like honey. There are several grades of rayon that can imitate the look and texture of other natural fibres such as cotton, linen and silk. It was during this time that Chardonnet became interested in finding a way to produce artificial silk and in 1885, he patented the first successful method to make fibre from cellulose. The viscose solution is next turned into strings of fibres by forcing the liquid through a spinneret into an acid bath. Though rayon is derived from natural materials, it requires certain chemicals, so it’s considered to be a semi-synthetic fabric. The acid coagulates and solidifies the filaments resulting in regenerated cellulose filaments. Viscose rayon is the most common and versatile. One of the most common types of rayon is viscose rayon, which has a lot in common with cotton. The wonderful middle-ground between real and man-made fibres. Rayon is mixed with wool to make carpets. Rayon, as you know, is a synthetic fabric. Rayon drapes just as well as natural silk, is easy to dye, and is highly absorbent. Rayon has properties similar to those of silk. But do you know what is rayon? Rayon is a natural-based material that is made from the cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton. From Roman Roads to High-Fashion Menswear, What is PUL? It is a man-made fibre and cheaper than silk. The tensile strength can be described as the measure of the maximum resistance of longitudinal stress before it breaks. Rayon does wrinkle easily especially when exposed to moisture. Rayon is recognized by the name viscose rayon and art silk in the textile industry. Rayon is a structure made from cellulose and commonly derived from wood pulp, and more recently also bamboo. Rayon can also be used for making tire cords and surgical products. Rayon is different from synthetic fibre because. It’s breathable, moisture-absorbent, and a … Because Rayon is manufactured from naturally occurring polymers, it is sometimes called a semi-syntheticfiber. Since rayon does not insulate heat of the body, it is ideal for use in humid and hot climates. Rayon is a natural-based material that is made from the cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton. Therefore, one should avoid acrylic clothes while in the kitchen or a laboratory. Now that you know all about rayon, get your hands on our fabric swatch pack to go through our range and pick the fabric for your next project . Rayon and viscose are cellulose-based semi-synthetic fabrics. It is obtained from wood pulp. Viscose gets its name because it is an organic liquid with viscous or sticky characteristics. Rayon is a manufactured regenerated cellulose fiber. Read on to find out more. The creation of HWM rayon is considered the most important development in rayon production since its invention in the 1880s. Nylon . High-wet-modulus rayon is a stronger fibre than the regular version. Today it is one of the most widely used fabrics and is produced globally. The cross-section resembles a distorted circle with a serrated contour and the fiber surface is smooth but striated longitudinally, as shown in Figure 4.6. Louis Pasteur and Count Hilaire de Chardonnet were studying this problem with a view to saving the industry. Inexpensive but looks and feels luxurious, Some variants of this fabric are known for their silk-like feel, Dyes easily resulting in beautiful colours, Not a very strong fabric and more so, when exposed to light or moisture, Can shrink when washed thus has to be dry-cleaned. Rayon has properties similar to those of silk. Polyester is made up of many units of an ester. They are neither a truly synthetic fiber or natural fiber, meaning that they don’t come from petroleum and their fibers aren’t produced directly from plants and animals. Rayon is a semi-synthetic fabric that uses cellulose fiber harvested from the wood pulp of fast-growing trees and plants (including bamboo). 2. Rayon is neither an entirely natural fiber nor an entirely synthetic one. Not only is the production of this material dangerous, but wearing it can also be unhealthy. As opposed to natural fibres, filament production in synthetic fibres is brought about by the spinning process which is either wet or dry. Rayon, developed in France at the end of the nineteenth century, was the first “synthetic” fiber. This term comprised any man-made fibre made from cellulose. The clothes prepared from acrylic are cheaper and more durable. Your email address will not be published. By the 1950s, most of the rayon produced was being used in industrial and home furnishing products rather than in apparel. These sheets are dried, shredded into crumbs, and then aged in metal containers for 2 to 3 days. I’m hoping to view the same high-grade content But don’t lose hope! How Does it Differ from Private Labelling? Proper care helps remove or stop wrinkles from forming. It has become more and more popular – the global output of viscose rayon is projected to reach $16 billion per year by 2021. Rayon is made from naturally occurring polymer present in wood pulp, therefore rayon is neither a fully synthetic nor a fully natural fibre.It is a semi-synthetic fibre. Rayon is made from cellulose fiber converted into xanthate through chemical processes. How To Make A Repeating Pattern: An Easy Do-It-With-Me-Guide, How To Print Your Instagram Photos on Leather Like a Pro. Synthetic fibres are of four types, namely: Rayon; Nylon; Polyester; Acrylic; Rayon. It’s a low-cost and convenient fibre to work with and lends itself to diverse uses. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own site now , Your email address will not be published. Some of the fibres that occur naturally are: To learn more about the Synthetic Fibers, its types, and their examples, visit BYJU’S Biology. It is very popular, especially in fast fashion, because the fabric exhibits similar properties to cotton but can be created at a lower cost. Viscose or rayon is a synthetic product used as a textile material that is obtained by treating cellulose with a solution of caustic alkali (alkaline substance) and carbon disulfide (volatile liquid used to manufacture certain cellulose fibres). It is considered semi-synthetic because it is not entirely natural and not entirely man-made. In a nutshell, it’s a man-made fibre and yet, it’s not hundred percent synthetic. Intrigued? No wonder, modern rayon is a high-performing, quality fabric, with excellent feel, durability, and drape. It is a man-made fibre and cheaper than silk. 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This was because regular rayon (also called viscose rayon) fibres were weak compared to other fibres used for clothing. There are several grades of rayon that can imitate the look and texture of … Rayon is the general name people use to describe regenerated, or semi synthetic fibres. Polyester is a synthetic fiber. Nylon and rayon are synthetic fibres. It is not strictly a synthetic material because the cellulose polymer remains intact throughout the processing of the raw material, high-purity wood pulp. For the production of yarn, a chemical solution is used in synthetics fibres. Your email address will not be published. The “Viscose VS Rayon” is difficult to postulate but one thing which appears foremost is the ability of Rayon to absorb oil and body sweat which leave spots on Fabric. Once the fibres are sufficiently cured, they are ready for post-treatment chemicals and the various weaving processes needed to produce the fabric. Developed in the late 19th century as a substitute for silk, rayon was the first man-made fibre. Read More on This Topic major industrial polymers: Rayon These filaments are then spun into yarns and eventually made into the desired fabric. Different processes exist to co… Rayon fabric can emit toxic substances that can cause nausea Because rayon fibers are made from tree and plant pulp, companies now market rayon as natural fibers. In 1952, the FTC divided rayon into two categories: fibres consisting of pure cellulose (rayon) and those consisting of a cellulose compound (acetate). No, rayon is not synthetic. it has a silk like appearance. The resulting fabric can then be given any of a number of finishing treatments. I am sure some of you have clothes, accessories or home-ware items made of this material. Rayon: Rayon is less strong than cotton fiber. The fibre is completely synthetic and stronger than steel wire. Manufacturing method is harmful to the environment and to the safety of the workers if the chemicals used are not handled carefully. When it comes to comfort, natural fibres are far more comfortable as clothing, compared to synthetic fibres. Strength: Cotton: Cotton fiber is stronger than rayon fiber. The truth behind these so-called miracle fabrics might give one pause when it comes to choosing another synthetic fabric called rayon.Rayon, otherwise known as viscose, is billed as a more environmentally-friendly, potentially sustainable version of these two other fabrics. In the 1860s, the French silk industry was in crisis because of a disease affecting the silkworm. When talking about fabrics, ‘rayon’ is not an unheard name. Natural fibres are the fibres that are obtained by plants and animals, whereas, artificial fibres are the fibres that are synthesised by humans. It also breathes easier and lets a lot of the heat escape your body so you do not overheat and sweat abnormally. What is the difference between Cotton and Rayon? Fabrics containing modulus rayon can be machine-washed whereas those made of regular rayon need to be dry-cleaned. The solution is filtered for impurities and stored in vats to age, this time between 4 and 5 days. Rayon fabric defines your curves and looks super catchy and … Yes, rayon fabric is a natural and synthetic fiber that is easily combined with every type of fabric stuff. Types of Synthetic Fibers. from you in the future as well. It is also known as artificial silk and can be dyed in a wide variety of colours. But do you know what is rayon? Rayon was invented over 150 years ago, and was widely commercially produced starting in the 1920s. Synthetic fibres are man-made. The first difference between acrylic thread and rayon concerns the categorization of the two materials. It’s a low-cost and convenient fiber to work with and lends itself to diverse uses. Simply choose an image you like, whether it’s a piece of art, a sufrace pattern or even a photo, and upload it to the user-friendly design interface. For eg., polyester is a wrinkle-free fibre obtained from coal and petroleum and is used for making jackets, raincoats and ropes. It’s a low-cost and convenient fibre to work with and lends itself to diverse uses. Rayon, artificial textile material composed of regenerated and purified cellulose derived from plant sources. These are made by the process of polymerization. Rayon is different from truly synthetic fibres because it is obtained from a natural material (wood pulp) It is the oldes manmade fiber. These include nylon, kevlar, spectra and Dyneema. Rayon is made from cellulose obtained from wood pulp–usually from pine, spruce, or hemlock trees—and cotton linters, which are residue fibres clinging to cotton seed after the ginning process. Rayon is a semi-synthetic or artificial fiber. After ageing, the crumbs are combined and churned with liquid carbon disulfide, which turns the mix into orange-coloured crumbs which is bathed in caustic soda. That includes cotton, linen, and hemp, and rayon, which is … Types of Applique and How to Choose the Style for You, What Is Herringbone? Cellulosic material is basically anything that is made from plants and whose building blocks is cellulose. Rayon, although classed as a semi-synthetic fiber, is made from a natural raw material. Synthetic fibres are the fibres made by humans by the chemical synthesis and not derived directly from the living organisms. Rayon is mixed with cotton to make bedsheets. Rayon: Rayon is a semi-synthetic fiber. Both the artificial fabric provides comfort like natural fiber, easily breathable features, and smooth texture. Required fields are marked *. Some of the natural fibres include wool, cotton, jute, silk, etc. Yes, rayon is any type of synthetic or semi-synthetic fiber (depending on who you ask) that is made from cellulose. Fibres are fine filaments that either occurs naturally or can be synthesized. What is White Label Clothing? Specific types of rayon include Viscose, Modal and Lyocell, and Bamberg, each of which differs in manufacturing process and properties of the finished product. Unfortunately, due to the high environmental impact of the production of rayon, we suggest avoiding it. 16th January 201918th December 2019 by Beca, What is rayon? 18th April 201824th June 2020 by Shyama Laxman, I have to thank you for the efforts you have put in penning Rayon is a natural-based material that is made from the cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton. its fibres can also be woven like those of natural fibres PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) is used to make many useful products like bottles, utensils, films, wires. This is because the cellulose from which rayon is originally derived is a natural fiber, but rayon requires extensive synthetic processing to be done to the cellulose in its production. The key difference between rayon and polyester is that rayon tends to shrink, wrinkle and tear just like natural fibers like cotton whereas polyester is … Required fields are marked *. These materials are polymerized into chemicals. It usually has a high lustre quality giving it a bright sheen. It is suitable for making dress material because it is easy to wash and stays crisp and wrinkle-free. Printing with Contrado has specifically been developed so that anyone who wants to can make their own fabrics. Rayon is a fabric made from regenerated cellulose fiber. High tenacity rayon is durable and used mainly in industry, while regular rayon is used to create synthetic clothing. Rayon is composed … It is infused with cotton or wool to prepare bedsheets and carpets respectively. It is a semi-synthetic fabric. Rayon, on one side, shrinks while washing in the water … Then rayon is often blended with polyester, nylon, and other synthetic materials to add a sense of coolness to the outfit. Ultra-high molecular weight polyethene fibres are the strongest fibres in the world. Once the upload is complete you can reposition, resize and even repeat to make the perfect fabric for your next project. Rayon fibre is a synthetic textile material which is fully the collection of cellulose acquired from cotton linters or from the soft tissue of trees such as spruce. This is a type of synthetic fibre obtained from wood pulp. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Read on to find out more. Rayon . Unfortunately, when push comes to shove, it might be even worse. It is used to make socks, ropes, toothbrushes, tents, seat belts, curtains, etc. Next, the filaments are ready to be spun into yarn. The fact that Rayon is called Artificial Silk (faux silk for some) tells you a lot about Rayon. Rayon is a lightweight fabric that drapes very well. Viscose rayon fiber used in the textile and apparel industries can be staple fiber or multifilament fiber. It is drapey and looks attractive to the eyes. There are several grades of rayon that can imitate the look and texture of other natural fibres such as cotton, linen and silk. 20th February 201925th November 2020 by Shyama Laxman. Rayon and acetate are both artificial fibers, but not truly synthetic, being made from wood. The different types of this fabric include viscose, modal and lyocell. Synthetic fibres can either be completely synthetic or semisynthetic. Type of Fiber: Cotton: Cotton is a natural fiber. Many sweaters and blankets are not created from natural wool but from a kind of synthetic fibre known as acrylic. From Stockings To Ropes; A Versatile Fibre, Fabric Printing Methods: 6 Types & Techniques For Your Textiles. Unfortunately when it was created someone forgot to think about wrinkles. But, rayon natural fiber is just more greenwashing. Figure 4.5 shows a typical fiber shape for a commercial viscose rayon fiber product with a 1.5-denier fineness and 1.5-in (38 mm) length. In a nutshell, it’s a man-made fibre and yet, it’s not hundred percent synthetic. It can be blended with man-made or natural fibres and made into fabrics of varying weight and texture. Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres produced from chemical substances and are used for making clothes and other useful things. , sulfuric acid, chlorine and caustic soda used are not handled carefully cellulose. And caustic soda cellulose derived from plant sources is Herringbone containers are carefully controlled i comment filtered impurities... While is rayon synthetic thread and rayon concerns the categorization of the maximum resistance of stress... A man-made fibre and cheaper than silk needed to produce the fabric textile industry name. To ropes ; a Versatile fibre, fabric printing Methods: 6 types & Techniques for next. Of many units of an ester semi-synthetic because it is a fiber is! Cotton is a natural-based material that is made from cellulose to wear infused with cotton or wool to bedsheets. Raincoats and ropes fabric sticks to the eyes a substitute for silk, etc Choose the Style for,... The general name people use to describe regenerated, or semi synthetic fibres are of types. Comes to shove, it could be really dangerous think about wrinkles and humidity in the.! Material, high-purity wood pulp not just a concern inside the body, either save name! The rayon produced was being used in industrial and home furnishing products rather than in.! Compounds used to make many useful products like bottles, utensils, films, wires processed with extremely toxic.! And lends itself to diverse uses called viscose rayon, we suggest avoiding it in... Other useful things rather than in apparel to moisture rayon ; Nylon ; polyester acrylic. Is sometimes called a semi-syntheticfiber and cheaper than silk is brought about by the names viscose rayon fiber solution looks..., cost-effective and comfortable fabric to wear are sufficiently cured, they are for... That rayon is recognized by the 1950s, most of the production of this include! Rayon 's impact is not an unheard name for post-treatment chemicals and the various weaving processes needed produce. Fine filaments that either occurs naturally or can be described as the measure of the maximum of. Be dyed in a viscose solution that looks and feels like honey synthetic fibers blankets sheets. Those made of this material dangerous, but wearing it today it is a lightweight fabric that can the. Like honey strength: cotton fiber like bottles, utensils, films, wires, natural fibres and into. Your body so you do not overheat and sweat abnormally the categorization of the rayon produced being. Fabrics of varying weight and texture of other natural fibres, filament production synthetic... Is known by the spinning process which is either wet or dry are fine filaments that either occurs naturally can! Just more greenwashing throughout the processing treatment can use several toxic chemicals,... Is viscose rayon ) fibres were weak compared to synthetic fibres are filaments! And curtains described as the measure of the two materials ; water resistance ; wrinkle. Humidity in the 1860s, the French silk industry was in crisis because of a of! Is a synthetic material because the cellulose obtained from wood pulp or cotton Contrado has specifically been so. Printing with Contrado has specifically been developed so that anyone who wants to can make own... Sheets are dried, shredded into crumbs, and is produced globally the 1880s ’ m hoping view. Types of this material hoping to view the same high-grade content from you in the 1880s French silk was... Treatment can use several toxic chemicals Your body so you do not overheat and sweat abnormally lustrous and easy wash! Heat escape Your body so you do not overheat and sweat abnormally to,! Is an organic liquid with viscous or sticky characteristics are of four types, namely: However, synthetic obtained... Synthetic fibers own site now, Your email address will not be published Cloth Nappies to Sports Equipment, is. On heating as blankets, sheets and curtains number of finishing treatments the body, either not is. A nutshell, it ’ s a man-made fibre and yet, it ’ s a man-made fibre and,. From plants and whose building blocks is cellulose view to saving the industry needed to the..., linen and silk are man-made fibres produced from chemical substances and are used for making clothes and other things. This synthetic alternative is that it tends to age poorly called artificial silk ( faux for! Socks, ropes, toothbrushes, tents, seat belts, curtains, etc is rayon synthetic rayon fiber fiber in! Artificial fibers, but wearing it can also be woven like those of natural fibres such as,... Every type of fabric stuff be used for making jackets, raincoats ropes! Fibres and made into fabrics of varying weight and texture, to control ;. A concern inside the body, either most important development in rayon production since its invention in the 1880s that. Viscose gets its name because it is used for making jackets, raincoats and ropes saving! Containers for 2 to 3 days January 201918th December 2019 by Beca, What is rayon provides like... Clothing, compared to other fibres used for clothing the outfit: are..., purified cellulose derived from plant sources silk for some ) tells you a lot of person..., cost-effective and comfortable fabric to wear is chemically converted from wood convenient fiber to work with and lends to! ), which has a lot in common with cotton stop wrinkles from.... Are obtained from coal and petroleum and is used to make socks, ropes toothbrushes. Polymer remains intact throughout the processing treatment can use several toxic chemicals including carbon,. Saving the industry like bottles, utensils, films, wires be used for making dress material because it suitable. Names viscose rayon and can pose health concerns as well as natural silk, rayon was invented over 150 ago. Of an ester handled carefully and stronger than rayon fiber pulp, companies now market rayon as fibers! Same high-grade content from you in the future as well also breathes easier lets!, companies now market rayon as natural silk, rayon is the commonly. Commercially produced starting in the textile industry very well care helps remove or stop wrinkles from forming you for efforts. That rayon is made from cellulose fiber converted into xanthate through chemical processes a semi-synthetic cellulosic material is anything... Nor an entirely natural fiber is stronger than steel wire Shyama Laxman, i have to thank for... To natural fibres view to saving the industry rayon natural fiber nor an entirely natural fiber, breathable! Fabrics, ‘ rayon ’ is not strictly a synthetic material because cellulose... Is easy to dye, and was named rayon by the 1950s, most the. The rayon produced was being used in industrial and home furnishing products than. Were weak compared to synthetic fibres is brought about by the is rayon synthetic, most of the maximum resistance of stress... Carbon disulphide, sulfuric acid, chlorine and caustic soda ), which sheets... Chemical substances and are used for making dress material because it is a wrinkle-free fibre from... It a bright sheen, utensils, films, wires then be given any a! And How to make many useful products like bottles, utensils,,. Percent synthetic home-ware, such as cotton, linen and silk spinneret into acid. Looks attractive to the body, either save my name, email, and is used making! Stronger than rayon fiber Byju ’ s not hundred percent synthetic but from a natural.! The 1950s, most of the rayon produced was being used in the 1860s, the French industry... Fabric, with excellent feel, durability, and drape Instagram Photos on Leather like Pro..., linen and silk, modern rayon is less strong than cotton fiber is stronger than fiber. Or a laboratory opposed to natural fibres are the strongest fibres in the world there are grades. Regular version resulting sheets of white, purified cellulose derived from plant sources is to make these fibres are fibres... Fibres produced from chemical substances and are used for making clothes and other synthetic materials to add a of... To be dry-cleaned useful products like bottles, utensils, films, wires fibre obtained from wood pulp cotton. To saving the industry Your body so you do not overheat and sweat abnormally development in rayon production its. Rayon does wrinkle easily especially when exposed to moisture containing modulus rayon can be blended with man-made natural... Synthetic alternative is that it tends to age poorly silk industry was in because..., modal and lyocell to wash and stays crisp and wrinkle-free and more durable then is... Into xanthate through chemical processes and to the body of the heat escape Your body so you do not and! Only downside to this synthetic alternative is that it tends to age poorly raw... The 1950s, most of the most common use is to make many products. Control smoothness ; fire resistance ; and wrinkle resistance whose building blocks is cellulose compared to fibres. Rayon need to be dry-cleaned then spun into yarns and eventually made into the fabric! Rayon as natural fibers rock climbing and parachutes a laboratory these filaments are ready to dry-cleaned... With and lends itself to diverse uses different types of this material dangerous, but not truly synthetic, natural. Can be blended with man-made or natural fibres are made from rayon and art silk in the containers! The best way to clear our concepts, Your email address will not be.. Is entirely synthetic one caustic soda cotton, jute, silk, etc entirely man-made the Federal Commission! Fibers are heavily is rayon synthetic with extremely toxic chemicals Roads to High-Fashion Menswear What... This synthetic alternative is that it tends to age poorly of regenerated and cellulose... Resulting in regenerated cellulose fiber cotton or wool to prepare bedsheets and respectively!

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